[peru protests against goldmining state repression 15 activists gets killed english pics/videos/links 120712]

[peru protests against goldmining state repression 15 activists gets killed english pics/videos/links 120712]

“Peru’s great transformation – Ollanta Humala’s (note: president-in-office) crackdown on anti-mining protesters has alienated many of those who voted for him.“

He promised to make The Great Transformation. This „radical change“ would be a „democratic alternative“ to neoliberalism, which he blamed for „social inequality, deprivation of natural.

But once in power, Humala cast off his jeans and blue work shirt, donned a suit and adopted the same neoliberal policies he criticised during his campaign.
Since Humala took office, ten people have died in social conflicts in Peru, more than 120 civilians have been wounded, and states of emergency have been declared in two regions.

More than 120 farming leaders and human rights defenders are reportedly under criminal investigation for their alleged involvement in protests against foreign mining companies, including one provincial and one state governor, a priest, and two Catholic Church workers. […]
At stake is the $4.8bn Minas Conga project, owned by Newmont Mining of Colorado. It would be the biggest mining investment in Peru’s history, paying $2bn in taxes over the mine’s lifetime. But the project would destroy four sacred lakes, the source of water for an entire farming region.
Humala has taken a hard-line on Conga, insisting it is a project of „national interest“ and must go forward. The government says it needs mining revenues to fund development programmes, and has secured a $1.1bn increase in taxes from the industry.

Peruvian groups such as Red Muqui and CONACAMI, a nation-wide coalition of mining communities, say they are not against mining. […] They‘re also demanding a moratorium on mining in watersheds and the use of cyanide in gold mining operations. […]

During the strike in November (note: November 2011 “Peru: Farmers‘ Strike in Andahuaylas“, globalvoicesonline.org, http://bit.ly/vzKLxy ) […] At least 28 people were injured during brutal police repression, including a young farmer who was reportedly paralysed by a rubber bullet fired by police. […]
Humala himself was an army captain during Fujimori’s rule, and had been accused of crimes such as torture and forced disappearances when he was in charge of the Madre Mia military base. The case against Humala was shelved, but human rights groups in Peru are not satisfied and want to see the former captain on trial. […]

In late May, Humala declared his second state of emergency, this time in the southern Andean province of Espinar.
On May 21, farming leaders declared a strike to pressure the Tintaya copper mine to negotiate a new social contract. Leaders want improved environmental standards, independent monitoring and increased funds for development projects.
Thousands of unarmed civilians blocked access routes to the mine, owned by Xstrata of Switzerland. In response, the government sent in hundreds of special police commandos trained in counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism.

These heavily armed officers were charged with „subduing“ peasant farmers, teachers, lawyers and other urban professionals.
Two civilians were killed (one of them, a school teacher, leaves behind a pregnant widow), two remain hospitalised in a coma, and more than 100 people were wounded. Police allegedly detained 22 people without arrest warrants inside the mine’s compound, including two employees of the human rights office operated by the local Catholic bishop. (note: May 2012, “Clashes over Xstrata mine in Peru leave two dead“, http://bit.ly/M2XfK6 ) […]
Oscar Mollohuanca, Espinar’s provincial governor, […] met with local leaders to plan the negotiations, about 50 police commandos reportedly burst into his office in a scene reminiscent of the reality show Cops.

The governor was arrested and imprisoned in Ica, a coastal town 800 kilometres from Espinar. He was sentenced to five months in jail […] Lawyers from Peruvian human rights groups appealed his imprisonment on the grounds that he had not been given a trial and was a prisoner of conscience.
Amnesty International launched a campaign demanding Mollohuanca’s release, and citizens groups across Peru held vigils and protests. On June 13, two weeks after his arrest, Mollohuanca was freed on conditional release. The criminal investigation against the governor continues, however.
But just as the Espinar conflict was beginning to cool, a new strike began in the state of Cajamarca on May 31 to protest against the Conga mining project.
(note: 5th of june, “Peru: March for Peace and the Strike in Cajamarca“, globalvoicesonline.org, http://bit.ly/MxY7qc ) […].

President Humala vowed to „restore order“. Police repression in Cajamarca over the past two weeks has resulted in more than 60 wounded civilians. Since the conflict began last year, at least 100 protesters have been charged with crimes under tough new legislation. Once-minor offences such as blocking a road have been turned into criminal acts punishable with 20-year prison sentences.

(note: a facebook-user writes “NewmontMiningCorporation financed police defending their interests. The press hides what happens in Cajamarca, and Bambamarca Celendín: 5 people had been killed.“ And linked that video: http://youtu.be/LE6Py7ZUbto )

(note: 4th of july, „Police beat up Peru’s green priest“, theinternationalsblog, http://bit.ly/PjP9gu )

Human rights groups say Humala is criminalising social protests […]

Father Marco Arana, one of the protest leaders, says the government finds it easier to look for scapegoats than „to admit it has a widespread social problem“. According to Peru’s government ombudsman’s office, there are 171 „active social conflicts“ across the nation, most centred on mining, petroleum and hydroelectric projects. […]”

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